Big Five Personality Test: A 5-Factor Model of Personality

Last updated on February 16th, 2024

Different models’ present assessment tools for assessing personality traits of individuals to help them better understand their personality, help them in career counselling, and for psychological research. One such test is the Big Five Personality Test.

What is the Big Five Personality Test?

Also called the OCEAN model or the five-factor model, the Big Five Personality Test is used for measuring an individual’s personality traits. It is a psychological assessment tool that breaks down personality into five dimensions including openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. These five traits form the term ‘OCEAN’ which stands for openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism.

Key Elements of the Big Five Personality Test

As the name of the test suggests, there are five major aspects tied to the test to determine an individual’s ability to explore new experiences, ability to be organized and dependable, sociability, compassion, mental stability, etc.

Openness to Experience

One of the aspects explored in the Big Five Personality Test is openness to experience. This is an assessment of an individual’s openness to explore new experiences. If someone is open to exploring arts, emotions, unusual ideas, and new experiences, such an individual would be more curious and creative, as compared to closed people. This aspect is a measure of how an individual is willing to open up to something new and in the process, expand their ability to learn new things and be creative.


This is a measure of the ability of an individual to be responsible, organized, and dependable. Some people are more organized than others, whereas others can be careless, unreliable, and as a result might find themselves facing a range of social issues. Understanding the level of conscientiousness can help an individual make lifestyle changes (if needed) and assess the best way to determine how to fix potential issues caused due to the lack of conscientiousness.


Some people are social butterflies, whereas others like to keep to themselves. There are also people that can walk between these two fine lines without much trouble. The level of extraversion reflects the sociability, energy levels, simulation seeking behavior, and energy in a social setting. Some people can feel drained in social gatherings, whereas others feed on such an environment and feel rejuvenated. Understanding such motivations can be a great way to move forward with organizing your life to achieve desired goals and to look after your mental health.


People who are more agreeable tend to value social harmony and are able to get along better with others. The level of compassion, cooperativeness, and empathy affects one’s personality in a big way. Hence, evaluation of agreeableness is a big part of the Big Five Personality Test.


There are a number of factors that can affect emotional stability, cause anxiety, mood swings, and make one feel frequently stressed. Understanding neuroticism can help identify such factors.

Overview of the Big Five Personality Test

The video given below provides an overview of the Big Five Personality Test and how it is used to measure the five major traits of a person’s personality.

Big Five Personality Test PowerPoint Template

The Big Five Personality Test PowerPoint Template can be used to discuss the OCEAN model and its five elements in detail with visually appealing graphics. The big five personality PPT template contains seven distinct slides with charts, tables, and characters for each personality trait to help create presentations that can enable discussing and explaining the OCEAN model.

Example of Big Five Personality Traits

Alternatively, you can also browse our collection of free Physchology PPT templates and presentation slides.

Final Words

The Big Five Personality Test like other tests of its kind, help explain the personality of an individual by using a set criteria. Like other models, such as Myers–Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) or the Enneagram Model, the Big Five Personality Test explores the human psyche through different personality traits. Assessing these traits in an individual or the lack of them.

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